Does the Qur’an make an error when it says the Jews claimed to have killed the Messiah in Surah 4 Verse 157?
No, it does not make an error. According to Matthew 27:22, the Jews chose to have Jesus killed:
“What shall I do, then, with Jesus who is called the Messiah?”Pilate asked.They all answered, “Crucify him!”
Pontius Pilate then washes his hands of the decision and places the guilt upon the Jews which they wholeheartedly accepted in verses 23 – 25:
But they shouted all the louder, “Crucify him!” When Pilate saw that he was getting nowhere, but that instead an uproar was starting, he took water and washed his hands in front of the crowd. “I am innocent of this man’s blood,” he said. “It is your responsibility!” All the people answered, “His blood is on us and on our children!”
When missionaries ask such a question, it only goes to demonstrate that they are wholly unfamiliar and unlearned with the Gospel narrative about Jesus’ alleged death.
and God knows best.